Aqua-Scope Rain Sensor LoRaWAN

Version: 1.0.0

Product Description

This rain sensor measures the amount of rain at its location in milliliters using a tipping bucket mechanism and transmits the quantity within a 15-minute interval with an accuracy of 0.5 mm of water column, along with the temperature. In the case of heavy rain exceeding 15 l/h, a heavy rain alarm is triggered promptly. Both the heavy rain threshold and the measurement interval are configurable. The device is entirely open-source, and both hardware and firmware can be downloaded from

The device is controlled via LoRaWAN commands and operates as a LoRaWAN Class A device. The use of the device requires LoRaWAN network coverage. Otherwise, you need to install and operate your own LoRaWAN gateway.

The device is powered by two AAA batteries. The provided VARTA batteries allow for an approximate runtime of about 2 years. A low battery level is reported wirelessly, allowing for battery replacement before the device shuts down.

Connection to LoRaWAN Network

This device, with its three keys (Dev EUI, Join EUI, Join Key), needs to be registered with a LoRaWAN network operator that covers the device's location with radio signals.

If you purchased the device directly from Aqua-Scope's online shop, use the email address used for the purchase and the public device key (Dev EUI) on the website You will receive a message with all three keys to the provided email address. The public key is also printed on the device as a 16-digit number and as a QR code for scanning. The QR code and 16-digit number are also printed on the outer packaging.

If you purchased the device from a dealer, the dealer will provide the three keys. If they do not, please contact by email.

Immediately upon inserting the batteries or connecting a power supply, the device will attempt to connect to the LoRaWAN network using the three keys you provided. The LEDs will blink during this process. After approximately 25 seconds, this process, called 'JOIN,' will either be successful or aborted. In the latter case, the device immediately enters sleep mode.

If, for any reason, the sensor loses connection to the server, an automatic reconnection process, called 'Rejoin,' will take place. This process repeats whenever the device attempts to send a message to the LoRaWAN network.

Pressing the button always initiates a LoRaWAN communication, leading to a 'Rejoin' as explained above. Please observe the Duty Cycle regulation—sending messages or Rejoins too quickly in succession may be ignored by the LoRaWAN network.

Starting and Placing the Device

  1. Open the device by rotating the cover counterclockwise against the device base.
  2. Remove the electronics box by releasing the two click fasteners on the right and left of the electronics box.
  3. Insert the two supplied AAA batteries. The device will immediately attempt to connect to the LoRaWAN network. You can observe the status of the device next to the button with the red and green LEDs. Red/green blinking indicates the 'JOIN' process.
  4. You can operate the button with a screwdriver or a paperclip.
  5. Click the electronics box back into the housing base. If you now tilt the device, this will be interpreted as rain, and quickly tilting it in succession will trigger a heavy rain alarm. Again, please observe the Duty Cycle regulation of the LoRaWAN network, which is checked by both the device itself and the gateway and LoRaWAN server.
  6. The sensor must now be placed on a flat surface. The magic eye on the bottom of the housing assists in positioning. If the sensor is tilted, incorrect or no rain values will be transmitted.
  7. It is recommended to securely screw the sensor to the ground. Three suitable wood screws and corresponding dowels are included. If the sensor is not screwed in, strong wind may tip the device over.

Sensor Values

When it rains, the sensor will transmit the corresponding amount of rain every 15 minutes. If no rain is detected, the sensor only reports every 6 hours with a 'zero report.' Each message also includes the temperature in the device. This temperature is measured inside the device and may not be very accurate.

The minimum resolution of the sensor is 0.5 mm of water column. Please note that this amount of rain can only be measured precisely at the sensor. Just a few meters away, different amounts of rain may occur.

In the case of heavy rain, an appropriate alarm is immediately sent, which is cleared when the rain intensity drops below the threshold. The threshold for heavy rain can be defined in configuration parameter 3 and is factory-set to 15 liters/hour.

General Information Regarding Rain Measurement

Rain is measured either in millimeters of water column above a point or as a quantity in liters on an area of 1 square meter. 1 liter/square meter corresponds to a water column of 1 mm. In the case of snowfall, this 1 mm water column corresponds to a snow depth of about 1 cm.

Professional meteorological institutes use standardized rain gauges with an opening of at least 200 mm. In contrast, this sensor has an aperture of only 130 mm, allowing sufficient measurement accuracy without taking up too much space.

Communication Protocol

The device can be controlled directly via LoRaWAN. For this purpose, different commands are defined, which are used either 'uplink’, i.e. from the device to the LoRaWAN network, or 'downlink’, i.e. from the LoRaWAN network to the device. Commands can be cascaded up to the maximum number of 52 bytes. All values of the command descriptions are bytes, unless otherwise specified.

Downlink-Commands (using FPort 2):

Configuration Parameters

Scope of Delivery

Technical Data

Support and Contact

Should you encounter any problem, please give us the opportunity to address it before returning this product. Please check our website and particularly the support section for answers and help. You can also send a message to

While the information in this manual has been compiled with great care, it may not be deemed an assurance of product characteristics. Aqua-Scope shall be liable only to the degree specified in the terms of sale and delivery. The reproduction and distribution of the documentation and software supplied with this product and the use of its contents is subject to written authorization from Aqua-Scope. We reserve the right to make any alterations that arise as the result of technical development.

Declaration of Conformity

Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, Sakala 7-2, 10141 Tallinn, Republic of Estonia, declares that this radio emitting device works on the following frequences:

Български С настоящото Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ декларира, че този тип радиосъоръжение RANLWE01 е в съответств ие с Директива 2014/53/ЕС. Цялостният текст на ЕС декларацията за съответствие може да се намери н а следния интернет адрес:

Čeština Tímto Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ prohlašuje, že typ rádiového zařízení RANLWE01 je v souladu se směrnicí 2014/53/EU. Úplné znění EU prohlášení o shodě je k dispozici na této internetové adrese:

Dansk Hermed erklærer Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, at radioudstyrstypen RANLWE01 er i overensstemmelse med direktiv 2014/53/EU. EUoverensstemmelseserklæringens fulde tekst kan findes p følgende internetadresse:

Deutsch Hiermit erklärt Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, dass der Funkanlagentyp RANLWE01 der Richtlinie 2014/53/EU entspricht. Der vollständige Text der EU-Konformitätserklärung ist unter der folgenden Internetadresse verfügbar:

Eesti Käesolevaga deklareerib Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, et kesolev raadioseadme tp RANLWE01 vastab direktiivi 2014/53/EL nuetele. ELi vastavusdeklaratsiooni tielik tekst on kttesaadav jrgmisel internetiaadressil:

English Hereby, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ declares that the radio equipment type RANLWE01 is in compliance with Directive 2014/53/EU. The full text of the EU declaration of conformity is available at the following internet address:

Español Por la presente, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ declara que el tipo de equipo radioeléctrico RANLWE01 es conforme con la Directiva 2014/53/UE. El texto completo de la declaracin UE de conformidad está disponible en la direccin Internet siguiente:

Ελληνικά Με την παρούσα ο/η Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, δηλώνει ότι ο ραδιοεξοπλισμός RANLWE01 πληροί την οδηγία 2014/53/ΕΕ. Το πλήρες κείμενο της δήλωσης συμμόρ φωσης ΕΕ διατίθεται στην ακόλουθη ιστοσελίδα στο διαδίκτυο:

Français Le soussigné, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, déclare que l'équipement radioélectrique du type RANLWE01 est conforme la directive 2014/53/UE. Le texte complet de la déclaration UE de conformité est disponible l'adresse internet suivante:

Hrvatski Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ ovime izjavljuje da je radijska oprema tipa RANLWE01 u skladu s Direktivom 2014/53/EU. Cjeloviti tekst EU izjave o sukladnosti dostupan je na sljedećoj internetskoj adresi:

Italiano Il fabbricante, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, dichiara che il tipo di apparecchiatura radio RANLWE01 conforme alla direttiva 2014/53/UE. Il testo completo della dichiarazione di conformit UE disponibile al seguente indirizzo Internet:

Latviešu Ar šo Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ deklarē, ka radioiekārta RANLWE01 atbilst Direktīvai 2014/53/ES. Pilns ES atbilstības deklarācijas teksts ir pieejams šādā interneta v ietnē: Lietuvių Aš, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, patvirtinu, kad radijo įrenginių tipas RANLWE01 atitinka Direktyvą 2014/53/ES. Visas ES atitikties deklaracijos tekstas prieinamas šiuo internet adresu:

Magyar Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ igazolja, hogy a RANLWE01 típus rádiberendezés megfelel a 2014/53/EU irányelvnek. Az EUmegfelelőségi nyilatkozat teljes szövege elérhető a következő internetes címen:

Malti B'dan, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, niddikjara li dan it-tip ta' tagħmir tar-radju RANLWE01 huwa konformi madDirettiva 2014/53/UE. It-test kollu tad-dikjarazzjoni ta' konformit tal-UE huwa disponibbli f'dan l-indirizz talInternet li ġej:

Nederlands Hierbij verklaar ik, Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ, dat het type radioapparatuur RANLWE01 conform is met Richtlijn 2014/53/EU. De volledige tekst van de EUconformiteitsverklaring kan worden geraadpleegd op het volgende internetadres:

Polski Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ niniejszym oświadcza, że typ urządzenia radiowego RANLWE01 jest zgodny z dyrektywą 2014/53/UE. Pełny tekst deklaracji zgodnośc I UE jest dostępny pod następującym adre sem internetowym:

Português O(a) abaixo assinado(a) Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ declara que o presente tipo de equipamento de rádio RANLWE01 está em conformidade com a Diretiva 2014/53/UE. O texto integral da declarao de conformidade está disponível no seguinte endereo de Internet:

Română Prin prezenta Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ declară că tipul de echipamente RANLWE01 este în conformitate cu Directiva 2014/53/UE. Textul integral al declarației UE de conformitate este disponibil la următoarea adresă internet:

Slovensko Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ potrjuje, da je tip radijske opreme RANLWE01 skladen z irektivo 2014/53/EU. Celotno besedilo izjave EU o skladnosti je na voljo na naslednjem spletnem naslovu:

Slovensky Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ týmto vyhlasuje, že rádiové zariadenie typu RANLWE01 je v slade so smernicou 2014/53/EÚ. Úplné EÚ vyhlásenie o zhode je k dispozícii na tejto internetovej adrese:

Soumi Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ vakuuttaa, että radiolaitetyyppi RANLWE01 on direktiivin 2014/53/EU mukainen. EUvaatimustenmukaisuusvakuutuksen täysimittainen teksti on saatavilla seuraavassa internetosoitteessa:

Svenska Härmed försäkrar Aqua-Scope Technology OÜ att denna typ av radioutrustning RANLWE01 verensstmmer med direktiv 2014/53/EU. Den fullständiga texten till EUförsäkran om verensstämmelse finns på följande webbadress:

Disposal Guidelines

Do not dispose of electrical appliances as unsorted municipal waste, use separate collection facilities. Contact your local government for information regarding the collection systems available. If electrical appliances are disposed of in landfills or dumps, hazardous substances can leak into the groundwater and get into the food chain, damaging health and well-being.